There is always coffee brewing in our office so it is fitting that our staff pick this week is a Maxwell House coffee canister and advertisement, both from the Hoboken Historical Museum, ca. 1945-1950. In the bottom left corner of the advertisement you can see a can of coffee that looks like the one above!
What is it answer: jar lid seals
December 3, 1826 - Union General George McClellan is born in Philadelphia.
"When the Civil War began, McClellan was appointed major general in charge of the Ohio volunteers. In 1861, he commanded Union forces in western Virginia, where his reputation grew as the Yankees won many small battles and secured control of the region. McClellan was elevated to commander of the main Union army in the East, the Army of the Potomac, following that army’s humiliating defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run, Virginia.
McClellan took command in July 1861 and did an admirable job of building an effective force. He was elevated to general-in-chief of all Union armies when his commander during the Mexican War, Scott, retired at the end of October. McClellan lost to Robert E. Lee during the Seven Days Battles, and as a field commander he was sluggish, hesitant, and timid. Though the president had grave misgivings about McClellan’s leadership, he wrote during the emergency that “we must use the tools we have…There is no man in the Army who can man these fortifications and lick these troops into shape half as well as he.”
McClellan pursued Lee into western Maryland, and on September 17 the two armies fought to a standstill along Antietam Creek. Heavy loses forced Lee to return to Virginia, providing McClellan with a nominal victory. Shortly after the battle, Lincoln declared the Emancipation Proclamation, which converted the war into a crusade against slavery, a measure bitterly criticized by McClellan. The general’s failure to pursue Lee into Virginia led Lincoln to order McClellan’s permanent removal in November.” [info]
The above carte de visite can be found in the Oshkosh Public Museum online collection.
Other events this week in history:
- December 2, 1804 – Napoleon crowned emperor
- December 4, 1945 – Senate approves US participation in the UN
- December 5, 1839 – Union General George Custer is born
- December 6, 1884 – 13th Amendment is ratified
- December 7, 1941 – Pearl Harbor bombed
- December 8, 1980 – John Lennon is shot in NYC
November 26, 1941 – FDR establishes modern Thanksgiving holiday
“Thanksgiving became an annual custom throughout New England in the 17th century, and in 1777 the Continental Congress declared the first national American Thanksgiving following the Patriot victory at Saratoga. In 1789, President George Washington became the first president to proclaim a Thanksgiving holiday, when, at the request of Congress, he proclaimed November 26, a Tuesday, as a day of national thanksgiving for the U.S. Constitution. However, it was not until 1863, when President Abraham Lincoln declared Thanksgiving to fall on the last Thursday of November, that the modern holiday was celebrated nationally.
With a few deviations, Lincoln’s precedent was followed annually by every subsequent president—until 1939. In 1939, Franklin D. Roosevelt departed from tradition by declaring November 23, the next to last Thursday that year, as Thanksgiving Day. Considerable controversy surrounded this deviation, and some Americans refused to honor Roosevelt’s declaration. For the next two years, Roosevelt repeated the unpopular proclamation, but on November 26, 1941, he admitted his mistake and signed a bill into law officially making the fourth Thursday in November the national holiday of Thanksgiving Day.” [info]
The menu above is from Thanksgiving 1918 and can be found in the Hoboken Historical Museum online collection.
Other events this day in history:
- November 25, 1783 – Last British soldiers leave New York
- November 27, 1942 – Jimi Hendrix born
- November 28, 1520 – Magellan reaches the Pacific
- November 29, 1942 – Coffee rationing begins
- November 30, 1835 – Mark Twain born
- December 1, 1913 – Ford assembly line begins
Our staff pick this week comes from The Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University. This illustration of the Mango hummingbird, Trochilus mango, was created between 1855 and 1858 by William L. Baily.
What is it answer: Stethoscope